History is simply defined as the study of the past. Additionally, it is the special attention to the activities that humans experience over a certain time period. Historians are the professional scholars who write about various aspects of history. This is a type of research field that takes a sequence of events and narrates them for examination and to be analyzed.
The term, prehistory, refers to the time period before history began to be recorded. The term came into use from Paul Tournal, an archeologist, who used it to describe his findings from caves located in southern France. Prehistorians typically use the three-age system in a way to define different periods: first was the Stone Age, then came the Bronze Age followed by the Iron Age. Additionally, there were four periods within the Stone Age: Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic and Chalcolithic.
- Bronze Age: This page, provided by Science Daily, offers a brief explanation of what the Bronze Age is.
- The Bronze Age: This page is provided by the University of California at Davis and provides you with information on different civilizations during the Bronze Age.
- Iron Age: This is a page on the Iron Age as provided by Boston University. This page provides you with in-depth information on the various civilizations during this era.
- The Stone Age: This site provides you with information and a brief timeline of events during the Stone Age as well as the different periods within the Stone Age.
- Prehistoric World: This is a section of the National Geographic website that provides you with a range of options to find out more information various aspects of the prehistoric world.
- Our Prehistoric Ancestors: This site provides you with information on the Stone Age and about cavemen as the ancestors to humans.
Early civilization refers to those that existed in ancient history. During the Mesopotamian period between 3000 and 750 BC, this civilization was located in Babylonia, Sumer and Assyric Highlands. Their occupations included the potter’s wheel, metal working, the sexagesimal system, textiling and dairy farming; their writing was cuneiform and their religion, polytheistic. Other early civilizations included the Egyptians, Chinese, Iranian, Greek, Harappa-Sindu/Saraswathi, Roman, Mayan, Aztecs and Incas.
- Early Civilizations: This page has a visual timeline of the various civilizations and provides more information on the civilizations.
- Prehistoric Cultures: This site provides you with a list of links to more information on various aspects of prehistory cultures and ancient civilizations.
- Early Civilizations: Sumer and Mesopotamia: This site provides you with information and resources on Sumerians and Mesopotamians as well as their civilizations.
- Ancient Mesopotamia: This site provides you with a comprehensive set of informational tools to learn about the Mesopotamian civilization.
- Ancient Mesopotamia for Kids: This site provides you with an extensive amount of information on the Mesopotamian civilization ranging from geography and agriculture to inventions and achievements.
- Exploring Ancient World Cultures: This site provides you with an introduction to the various cultures across the world during ancient times.
The Classical Period was directed towards cultures that existed in the Mediterranean world during the ancient times. It is the branch of humanities that is comprised of archeology, art, history, philosophy, literature and languages. The parts of the world that were a part of this period were mainly Ancient Rome and Ancient Greece between 600 BC and 600 AD. The sub-disciplines within this area of study include philology, archaeology, art history, philosophy and civilization and history.
The Middle Ages existed between the 5th and the 15th centuries. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire is when this period came into play. It preceded the Early Modern Era and is the middle portion of history’s division of three periods: Classic, Medieval and Modern. In other words, this period is also referred to as the Medieval period. During the early portion of this period, some of the trends that were previously set continued; these included an increased invasion of barbarians, deurbanization and depopulation.
- Middle Ages Info: Information on a variety of topics in the Middle Ages like knights, religion, weapons, food and more.
- The Middle Ages: This comprehensive informational resource provides in-depth information on various aspects of the Middle Ages period.
- Primary Documents: Links to primary documents from the Medieval and Renaissance Europe.
- The Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies sponsored by Georgetown University.
- Medieval History: Resources related to Medieval history in Great Britain and Europe.
- Medieval Philosophy: This site provides you with an extensive amount of information on the philosophy during the Middle Ages, or Medieval era.
The pre-Columbian era is the period of time that existed before Europe made significant influences on the continents of America. This is the time period in America that encompasses the prehistoric and historic time period. Technically, this is the time period before 1492, the time of Christopher Columbus’ voyages. Other terms that are used to describe this period include Prehistoric Americas and Pre-Colonial Americas.
- Pre-Columbian Period: This page provides you with a brief amount of information, including pictures, on artifacts during this period.
- Pre-Columbian Art: This page discusses the type of art that existed during this era.
- Pre-Columbian Era to Eighteenth Century: This site provides you with a list of resources on additional information for the events that occurred during this time period.
The Renaissance period began in Florence around the 14th century and span to the rest of Europe up until the 17th century. This was a cultural movement that took advantage of learning that was based on classical sources and included politics, religion, art, science and literature. This time period is considered the bridge before the Modern era and after the Middle Ages. Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo are the two who were the inspirations behind “Renaissance man.
- History-World: Good overview of the beginning and progress during the Renaissance.
- Renaissance: This site provides you with a range of options to participate in interactive programs to learn about this era.
- The Renaissance Era: This site gives a brief overview of the time period with links on the side to more information, such as religion and spirituality, daily life, key personalities and science and technology.
- General Characteristics of the Renaissance: This site discusses the era from political implications to literary ramifications.
- Elizabethan England: Information and a great resource page on the Renaissance and Elizabethan World.
- Renaissance Literature: Resources on different types of literature during the Renaissance.
- 16th Century English Literature: Resources and information on the different writers in the 16th century Renaissance.
- Music in the Renaissance: Overview of the changes in composing styles, genres, instruments and more during the Renaissance.
- Renaissance Instruments: Looks at the different types of instruments used during the Renaissance.
The Modern era, or modern history, is the time period that occurred after the Middle Ages. Furthermore, this period can be broken down into the early and late modern periods, which occurred after the period of the French Revolution and when the Industrial Revolution occurred. The historic events that occurred directly before the current are referred to as parts of contemporary history. These events are relevant to the present.